Aspek Alam sebagai Bagian Therapeutic Architecture pada Rumah Sakit Ketergantungan Obat

Afra Mustika, Nur Endah Nuffida
Submission Date: 2017-01-26 14:50:55
Accepted Date: 2017-03-17 10:28:11

Abstract


Arsitektur adalah produk dari manusia untuk manusia. Sejak jaman dulu kala, meskipun bentuknya masih sederhana (naungan, lindungan, tumpukan batu), manusia tidak dapat dipisahkan darinya. Sedikit banyak arsitektur atau lingkungan binaan berdampak bagi user bangunan dan lingkungan sekitarnya, seperti kutipan dari Winston Churchill “We shape our building, thereafter they shape us”. Secara umum, arsitektur sebagai media behaviour modifier diharapkan membawa dampak positif untuk proses kesehatan jiwa bila diterapkan pada bangunan atau lingkungan binaan. Konsep therapeutic architecture dapat diterapkan pada healthcare building ataupun lingkungan binaan yang terdapat aktivitas pengobatan di dalamnya, seperti rumah sakit ataupun pusat rehabilitasi. Dalam konsepnya, aspek-aspek arsitektur dimanipulasi sedemikian rupa untuk mempercepat proses penyembuhan.

Keywords


behaviour modifier; kesehatan jiwa; lingkungan binaan; therapeutic architecture

References


B. Grinde and G. G. Patil. (2009, Aug). Biophilia: Does Visual Contact with Nature Impact on Health and Well-being? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health [Mozilla Firefox], 6(9), 2332–2343.

Ulrich, R. S, “View Through a Window May Influence Recovery from Surgery”, Science, 1984 Apr 27;224(4647):420-421.

Design of Hospital Gardens Can Promote Health, ProLandscaper Magazine; 2012, July 13 http://prolandscapermagazine.com/?p=3166 (diakses Oktober 2016)

C. C. Marcus, Gardens and Health, (IADH) International Academy for Design and Health, (2000).

Whitehouse, S. and Varni, James, W. and Seid, MichaeI and Cooper Marcus, C. and Ensberg, M.J. and Jacobs, J.R. and Mehlenbeck, R.S. (2001, Sept). Evaluating a Children’s Hospital Garden Environment: Utilization and Consumer Satisfaction, Journal of Environmental Psychology [Mozilla Firefox]. 21(3). 301-314.

C. C. Marcus and M. Barnes. Healing Gardens: Therapeutic Benefits and Design Recommendations. John Wiley & Sons. (1999).

C. C. Marcus and M. Barnes. Gardens in Healthcare Facilities: Uses, Therapeutic Benefits, and Design Recommendations. The Center for Health Design, Inc. (1995).

K. Jormakka, Basics Design Method, Birkhäuser Architecture. (2008).

H. Dubberly. How Do You Design? A Compendium of Models (Beta Version). San Francisco: Dubberly Design Office. (2004). halaman 21.

http://www.intechopen.com/books/advances-in-landscape-architecture/hospital-outdoor-landscape-design (diakses September 2016)


Full Text: PDF

CC Licencing


Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Lembaga Penjaminan Mutu, Pengelolaan dan Perlindungan Kekayaan Intelektual (LPMP2KI) ITS
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.