Produksi Benih Sintetik Teh Camellia sinensis

Alvhi Widya Calandry, Wirdhatul Muslihatin, sutini sutini
Submission Date: 2017-07-28 11:37:29
Accepted Date: 2017-12-31 15:38:20

Abstract


Teh (Camellia sinensis) memiliki kandungan dan manfaat yang banyak, sehimgga diperlukan alternatif untuk mendapatkan benih teh dalam waktu yang singkat dan dalam jumlah banyak. Salah satu alternatif adalah dengan melakukan perbanyakan tanaman secara vegetatif melalui pendekatan bioteknologi yaitu teknik Kultur In Vitro dan teknik enkapsulasi embriosomatik yang dapat menghasilkan benih sintetik. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk produksi benih sintetik dari embriosomatik guna penyediaan benih yang dapat disimpan dalam waktu yang lama.

Benih sintetik Teh dengan bahan tanam embriosomatik yang dienkapsulasi menggunakan alginat 4% sehingga kapsul tidak terlalu padat dan memungkinkan benih dapat tumbuh dan berkecambah. Karakteristik benih sintetik yang dihasilkan yaitu tekstur benih sintetik padat namun tidak terlalu keras, masih rentan rusak apabila tidak hati-hati ketika memindahkan.. Benih sintetik berwarna hijau kekuningan dengan diameter 5,5 – 5,7 mm dan berat basah 260-290 mg.


Keywords


Alginat; Benih sintetik; Embriosomatik; Enkapsulasi

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