Desain Kontroler PID-Genetic Algorithm untuk Sistem Pengaturan Level Air Steam Drum pada Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Uap (PLTU)

Mohamad Yusuf, Ali Fatoni, Mohamad Abdul Hady
Submission Date: 2017-01-19 11:18:52
Accepted Date: 2017-03-17 10:12:41


Perubahan laju aliran uap menimbulkan gangguan pada sistem pengaturan level air steam drum. Level air dijaga pada titik tengah ketinggian drum atau disebut Normally Water Level (NWL), agar uap yang dihasilkan memenuhi spesifikasi serta tidak merusak peralatan pada pembangkit. Pada umumnya, sistem pengaturan level menggunakan kontroler PID konvensional. Namun, adanya gangguan dapat menyebabkan performa sistem dengan kontroler PID konvensional tidak mampu memenuhi spesifikasi. Kontroler PID-Genetic Algorithm (PID-GA) diterapkan untuk mengatur level air steam drum agar berada pada titik NWL ketika terdapat gangguan. Sistem pengaturan menggunakan kontroler PID-GA mampu meredam gangguan berupa beban minimal, nominal, dan maksimal, yaitu dengan perturbation peak masing-masing sebesar 0,18 m; 0,22 m; dan 0,26 m.




Genetic Algorithm;PID;PLTU;Steam Drum


B. A. Ogunnaike and W. H. Ray, "Process Dynamics, Modeling, and Control", New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

G. Gilman, "Boiler Control Systems Engineering", United States of America: International Society of Automation, 2010.

T. Teng, J. Shieh and C. Chen, "Genetic Algorithms Applied in Online Autotuning PID Parameters of a Liquid-level Control System," Transactions of the Institute of Measurement and Control, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 433-450, 2003.

--, "Boilers", [Online]. Available:


-drum/. [19 December 2016].

A. A. A. Emhemed, R. B. Mamat and D. Hanafi, "Comparison of Boiler Plant Model and Real Plant Responses Based on Proportional Integral Controller," in IEEE Conference on Sustainable Utilization and Development in Engineering and Technology (STUDENT), Kuala Lumpur, 2012.

N. Jain and A. Tiwari, "Comparative Study of Fluid Coupling for Oil and Water as Working Fluid," International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 56-65, 2013.

R. M. Felder, R. W. Rousseau and L. G. Bullard, "Elementary Principles of Chemical Process", 4 ed., America: John Willey & Sons, 2015, p. 93.

B. G. Liptak, "Process Control and Optimization", US: CRC Press, 2006.

A. Jayachitra and R. Vinodha, "Genetic Algorithm Based PID Controller Tuning Approach for Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor," Advances in Artificial Intelligence, pp. 1-8, 2014.

Y. Chen and Y.-J. Y. W.-x. Ma, "Application of Improved Genetic Algorithm in PID Controller Parameters Optimization," Telkomnika, pp. 1524-1530, 2013.

T. Point, "Genetic Algorithms", Madhapur, 2016.

Full Text: PDF

CC Licencing

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Teknik ITS by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, LPPM-ITS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at
Statistik Pengunjung