ANALISIS TINGKAT KEMATANGAN PROSES BISNIS DAN KESIAPAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI STUDI KASUS USAHA GARMEN MIKRO, KECIL, DAN MENENGAH DI JAWA TIMUR

Nadya Chandra Rosianti, Mahendrawathi ER
Submission Date: 2017-07-12 15:42:07
Accepted Date: 2018-01-09 21:27:30

Abstract


UMKM merupakan salah satu pilar utama dalam menggerakkan ekonomi negara. Seiring berkembangnya teknologi informasi saat ini, UMKM harus meningkatkan inovasi karena ketatnya persaingan bisnis. Salah satu strategi peningkatan daya saing UMKM adalah pendampingan serta peningkatan kapasitas TI. Dilihat dari kondisi UMKM terkini, mayoritas UMKM gagal mengimplementasikan TI karena ketidaksesuaian tingkat kesiapan TI dengan infrastruktur TI yang diimplementasikan. Sebagai penentu keputusan, pemilik UMKM perlu memahami pentingnya tingkat kematangan proses bisnis dan kesiapan penerapan TI.

Penelitian ini mengukur tingkat kematangan proses bisnis dan kesiapan penerapan TI pada perusahaan garmen berskala kecil berdasarkan metode BPOMM dari McCormack. Penelitian ini dilakukan secara kualitatif dan berbasis studi kasus pada UMKM di Jawa Timur. Untuk aspek Dukungan Sistem Informasi pada BPOMM, penelitian ini mengarahkan ke arah kesiapan TI karena pada penelitian McCormack lebih berfokus pada perusahaan yang telah mengimplementasikan TI, sedangkan mayoritas UMKM di Indonesia belum. Aspek penilaian yang digunakan adalah infrastruktur, aplikasi, dan SDM TI.

Pada penelitian ini diperoleh nilai kematangan proses bisnis dan kesiapan penerapan TI dari sepuluh UMKM garmen yang diteliti. Untuk nilai kematangan proses bisnis, UMKM berada pada Tingkat 2 yaitu Defined dengan nilai kesiapan penerapan teknologi berada di tingkat Tinggi. Hasil akhir dari penilaian dua elemen tersebut dikaitkan dan diprofilkan.

 


Keywords


proses bisnis; UMKM; garmen; Business Process Management; Business Process Orientation Maturity Model; IT Readiness

References


Sudaryanto, "Strategi Pemberdayaan UMKM Menghadapi Pasar Bebas

ASEAN," Kementerian Keuangan Republik Indonesia, 2014.

Sudaryanto, "Evaluasi kesiapan UKM Menyongsong Pasar Bebas

ASEAN (AFTA) : Analisis Perspektif dan Tinjauan Teoritis," Jurnal

Ekonomi Akuntansi dan Manajemen, vol. 1, 2002.

Sudaryanto, "The Need for ICT-Education for Manager or

Agribusinessman to Increasing Farm Income : Study of Factor

Influences on Computer Adoption in East Java Farm Agribusiness,"

International Journal of Education and Development, vol. 7, no. 1, pp.

-67, 2011.

D. Fink, "Guidelines for the successful adoption of information

technology in small and medium enterprises," International Journal of

Information Management, vol. 18, 1998.

[K5]. P. McCormack, Business process orientation – Gaining the e-business

competitive, Florida: St. Lucie Press, 2001.

A. Haug, "IT readiness in small and medium-sized enterprises,"

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 11, no. 4, 2011.

M. Caldeira, "Using resource based theory to interpret the successful

adoption and use of information systems and technology in

manufacturing small and medium-sized enterprises," European Journal

of Information Systems, vol. 12, no. 2, 2003.

G. Premkumar, "A meta analysis of research on information technology

implementation in small business," Journal of Organisational

Computing and Electronic Commerce, vol. 13, no. 2, 2003.

J. A. Champy, Reengineering the Corporation: A Manifesto for

Business Revolution, New York: Harper Business Essentials, 1993.

S. Systems, "The Business Process Model," 2004. [Online].Available:

http://www.sparxsystems.com/downloads/whitepapers/The_


Full Text: PDF

CC Licencing


Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Teknik ITS by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, LPPM-ITS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejurnal.its.ac.id/index.php/teknik.
Statistik Pengunjung