Pemanfaatan Biji Buah Nyamplung (Callophylum Inophylum) Sebagai Bahan Baku Pembuatan Biodisel

Bayu Biru Chandra, Filan Setiawan, Setiyo Gunawan, Tri Widjaja
Submission Date: 2013-02-06 14:04:06
Accepted Date: 2013-09-20 16:17:30

Abstract


Indonesia merupakan negara kepulauan dengan garis pantai terpanjang keempat di dunia. Sepanjang sekitar 95000 Km merupakan habitat penting bagi vegetasi mangrove dan biota nya. Sebuah survei tahun 2007 menunjukkan bahwa 20% dari garis pantai rusak, dan tanah aktif terancam oleh erosi. Reboisasi penanaman vegetasi pantai dilakukan oleh pemerintah daerah. Salah satunya adalah Calophyllum Inophyllum. Potensi penggunaan benih C.Inophyllum tidak jelas sampai sekarang. Oleh karena itu, komposisi dan analisia C. Inophyllum dan minyak akan diselidiki. Dari hasil, ditemukan bahwa biji buah C. inophyllum mengandung lemak kasar (63,1%), serat kasar (16,64%), abu (3,22%), protein (3,42%), kelembaban (4,15%), dan ekstrak nitrogen bebas (13.62%). Itu juga memiliki nilai kalori 6092 kal / g. Its lipid asam lemak bebas yang terkandung (8,23%), monogliserida (3,93%), digliserida (3,37%), trigliserida (81.06%) dan bioactive (3,4%).

Keywords


Bioactive; Calophyllum Inophyllum; Lipid; Asam Lemak

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