Pandangan Terhadap Fenomena Gentrifikasi dan Hubungannya dengan Perencanaan Spasial

Azka Nur Medha, Putu Gde Ariastita
Submission Date: 2017-07-27 10:45:46
Accepted Date: 2018-01-09 21:27:33

Abstract


Abstrak—Perencanaan spasial di Indonesia bersandar pada pendekatan Rational Comprehensive Planning (RCP), yang cenderung mengasumsikan bahwa seorang perencana merupakan pihak dengan kepemilikan ilmu yang kompeten sehingga mampu merencanakan apa yang sesuai untuk masyarakat. Namun, fakta menunjukan bahwa produk perencanaan di Indonesia memperlihatkan adanya gap yang cukup besar antara pengetahuan perencana dengan masyarakat sebagai klien utama seorang perencana. Maka dari itu,  diperlukan dedikasi yang tinggi bagi akademisi untuk mengeksplor lebih dalam lagi mengenai fenomena-fenomena perkotaan yang sudah terlihat nyata keberadaannya. Artikel ini membahas suatu fenomena perkotaan yang diberi istilah gentrifikasi, dimana istilah ini masih relatif asing untuk dibahas dalam proses perencanaan di Indonesia. Gentrifikasi diyakini sebagai fenomena perkotaan yang memberikan dampak negatif pada masyarakat yang mengalaminya. Disisi lain, gentrifikasi memberikan sebuah pandangan yang meyakinkan bahwa suatu proses perencanaan yang dimiliki oleh domain publik harus memakai pendekatan-pendekatan sosial untuk menghasilkan produk perencanaan yang lebih kontekstual.


Keywords


perencanaan, gentrifikasi, pendekatan sosial (social approach), rational comprehensive planning

References


Friedman, John, 1987, Planning in The Public Domain, Princeton University Press, Okford.W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems (Book style). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth (1993) 123–135.

Masik, Agustomi. (2005). Hubungan Modal Sosial dan Perencanaan. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Vol. 16/No. 3. Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung.

Brooks, Michael P. 2002, Planning Theory for Practitioners, American Planning Association, Chicago.J

Smith, Neil. (1996). The New Urban Frontier. Routledge. London and New York.

Keating, Larry (2003). “Gentrification: Policy, Politics, and Policies.” Departemen of Political Science. Morehouse College, Atlanta.

Freeman, Lance (2008). Still Separate and Unequal : The State of Fair Housing in America. Presented by The National Commission on Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity. Morehouse College, Atlanta.

Martokusumo, Widjaja. (2008). Revitalisasi, Sebuah Pendekatan dalam Peremajaan Kawasan. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Vol. 19/No. 3, Bandung.

Atkinson, Rowland. Does Gentrification Help or Harm Urban Neighborhoods? An Assessment of the Evidence-Base on the Context of the New Urban Agenda. (2002). Economic & Social Research Council Centre for Neighborhood Research. University of Bristol.

Munir, Risfan, 2002, Merencana di Tengah Jerat Hutang, dalam Winarso, 2002, Pemikiran dan Praktek Perencanaan dalam Era Transformasi di Indonesia, Departemen Teknik Planologi, ITB, Bandung.

Glass, Ruth Lazarus. 1964. Aspect of Change. London: MacGibbon & Kee.

Butler, T., & Robson, G. (2003). Negotiating Their Way In : The Middle Classes, Gentrification and the Deployment of Capital in a Globalizing Metropolis. Urban Studies, 40 (9), 1791-1809.

Brown, Stephanie. (2014). Beyond Gentrification : Strategies for Guiding the Conversation and Rediricting the Outcomes of Community Transition. Joint Centre for Housing Studies of Harvard University, Cambridge.

Freeman, Lance. (2005). Displacement or Succession? Residential Mobility in Gentrifying Neighborhoods. Urban Affairs Review 40 (4) : 463-91.

Lang. M.E. (1982). Gentrification Amid Urban Decline: Strategies for Americas Older ities, Cambridge : Ballinger.

Aka. Jr, Ebenezer (2001). Gentrification and Socioeconomic Impacts of Neighborhood Integration and Diversification in Atlanta, Georgia. Morehouse College, Atlanta.

Myung, Ji Bang. (2010). Understanding Gentrification : The Role and Abilities of Community-Based Organizations in Changing Neighborhoods.

Sandercock, Leoni, 1998, Towards Cosmopolis: Planning for Multicultural Cities, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Brisbane


Full Text: PDF

CC Licencing


Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Teknik ITS by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, LPPM-ITS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejurnal.its.ac.id/index.php/teknik.
Statistik Pengunjung