Studi Numerik 2D dan Uji Eksperimen tentang Karakteristik Aliran dan Unjuk Kerja Helical Savonius Blade dengan Variasi Overlap Ratio 0,1 ; 0,3 dan 0,5

Dwi Septyan Waluyo, Wawan Aries Widodo
Submission Date: 2012-07-27 21:20:46
Accepted Date: 2012-09-11 00:00:00

Abstract


Pemanfaatan energi angin sebagai energi alternatif ramah lingkungan di Indonesia masih tergolong sedikit. Salah satu penyebab adalah karakteristik arah angin di Indonesia yang memiliki kecenderungan berubah-ubah dikarenakan letak geografis Indonesia. Maka dari itu guna meningkatkan pemanfaatan energi angin, diperlukanlah penelitian mengenai Vertcal Axis Wind Turbin (VAWT). Salah satu jenis VAWT adalah Helical Savonius Blade. Penelitian mengenai Helical Savonius Blade dilakukan dengan metode pemodelan numerik 2D menggunakan software FLUENT dan uji seksperimen. Pemodelan numerik 2D dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui karakteristik aliran yang melintasi turbin Savonius dengan variasi overlap ratio 0,1;0,3 dan 0,5 serta variasi posisi 90o, 45o, 0o. Unjuk kerja turbin dinyatakan dalam nilai coefficient of power (Cp). Nilai Cp didapatkan dengan menggunakan pemodelan numerik 2D dan uji eksperimen. Berdasarkan pemodelan numerik 2D, nilai Cp tertinggi secara umum dimiliki oleh overlap ratio 0,1 sebesar 0,284. Sedangkan berdasarkan uji eksperimen nilai Cp terbesar tetap dimiliki overlap ratio 0,436 (perhitungan teoritis) dan 0,091 (perhitungan riil).


Keywords


vertical axis wind turbine, helical savonius blade, overlap ratio, coefficient of power, pemodelan numeric 2D

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