Potensi Mikroorganisme Air Sampah Mangrove untuk Mendegradasi Plastik Hitam

Neneng Uswatun Hasanah, Maya Shovitri
Submission Date: 2015-08-05 18:18:17
Accepted Date: 2016-01-20 12:42:33

Abstract


Plastik telah menjadi salah satu bahan industri utama karena sifat fisiknya yang unggul sehingga banyak digunakan untuk menghasilkan produk. Namun jumlah plastik yang dikonsumsi tiap tahunnya semakin meningkat secara signifikan dan menimbulkan dampak pada jumlah plastik yang dibuang ke lingkungan. Upaya pengelolaan sampah plastik telah banyak dilakukan salah satunya adalah biodegradasi menggunakan aktivitas mikroorganisme. Penelitian terdahulu oleh Ainiyah dan Shovitri (2014), menunjukkan bahwa inokulum dari tanah sampah mampu mendegradasi plastik. Sebagai upaya eksplorasi mikroorganisme pendegradasi plastik, pada penelitian ini inokulum yang digunakan adalah inokulum dari air sampah mangrove (M), karena beberapa jenis mikroorganisme di substrat mangrove berpotensi untuk mendegradasi plastik (Wang et al., 2003); isolat yeast Debaryomyces R1.10 (Y) ; dan inokulum I dari penelitian plastik terdahulu (Ainiyah dan Shovitri, 2014). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode inkubasi dalam pasir steril selama 3 bulan untuk mengetahui potensi ketiga inokulum di atas untuk mendegradasi kantong plastik belanja warna hitam. Parameter yang diamati adalah kehilangan berat kering plastik (%). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa setiap jenis inokulum memiliki kemampuan yang berbeda dalam mendegradasi plastik. Inokulum tunggal yeast Debaryomyces R1.10 memiliki kemampuan tertinggi dalam mendegradasi plastik hitam  sebesar 10,4%.

Keywords


Air Sampah Mangrove; Biodegradasi; Plastik; Yeast.

References


J. Aguado and D. Serrano, Feedstock Recycling of Plastic Wastes. CambridgeL The Royal Society of Chemistry (1999).

Z. Shah, F. Hasan, L. Krumholz, D.F. Aktas, and A.A. Shah, “Degradation of Polyester by Newly Isolated Pseudomonas aeruginosa Strain MZA-85 and Analysis of Degradation Products by GC-MS”. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 77 p. 114-122. Elsevier (2012).

E.N. Ramsden, Chemistry of The Environment. Cheltenham: Stanley Thornes Publishers Ltd (1996).

K. Leja, and G. Lewandowicz, “Polymes Biodegradation and Biodegradation Polymers: a Review”. Polish J. of Environ. Stud. Vol. 19, No. 2. 255-266. Poznan (2009).

Y. Tokiwa, B.P. Calabia, C.U. Ugwu, and S. Aiba, “Biodegradibility of Plastics”. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 10(9), 3722-3742 (2009).

C.R. Elevitch, The Overstory Book: Cultivating Connections with Trees 2nd Edition. Hawaii: Permanent Agriculture Resources (2004).

Y. Wang, Y. Fan, and J.D. Gu, “Degradation of Phtalic Acid and Dimethyl Phtalate by Aerobic Microorganisms”. Chinese Journal of Applied and Environmental Biology Vol 9. 63-66 (2003).

K. Kavanagh, Fungi: Biology and Applications. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd (2006).

I.L. Pepper, C.P. Gerba, and T.J. Gentry, Environmental Microbiology 3rd Edition. London: Elsevier (2009).

D.N. Ainiyah dan M. Shovitri, “Bakteri Tanah Sampah Pendegradasi Plastik dalam Kolom Winogradsky”. JURNAL SAINS DAN SENI POMITS Vol. 3, No. 2, 2337-3520 (2301-928X Print). Surabaya (2014).

H. Thatoi, B.C. Behera, R.R. Mishra, and S.K. Dutta, “Biodiversity and Biotechnological Potential of Microorganisms from Mangrove Ecosystems: a Review”. Ann Microbiol DOI 10.1007/s 13213-012-0442-7. Milan: Springer (2011).

D.K. Button, “Kinetics of Nutrient-Limited Transport and Microbial Growth”. Microbiological Reviews. Alaska (1985).

B. Ray, “Impact of Bacterial Injury and Repair in Food Microbiology: Its Past, Present, and Future”. J Food Pret 49(8): 651-5 (1986).

Jumiyati, S.H. Bintari, dan I. Mubarok. “Isolasi dan Identifikasi Khamir Secara Morfologi di Tanah Kebun Wisata Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Semarang”. Biosaintifika 4(1). Semarang (2012).

K.D. Hyde. Fungi in Marine Environments. Hong Kong: Fungal Diversity Press (2002).


Full Text: PDF

CC Licencing


Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Lembaga Penjaminan Mutu, Pengelolaan dan Perlindungan Kekayaan Intelektual (LPMP2KI) ITS
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.