Kompleks Masjid Penampung Balita Terlantar

Vashti Andini, Muhammad Faqih
Submission Date: 2017-07-30 23:23:36
Accepted Date: 2017-12-31 15:38:18

Abstract


Penelantaran balita memberi dampak besar pada pertumbuhan dan perkembangan saat dewasa kelak. Diantara berbagai kabupaten/kota di Jawa Timur, Gresik memiliki jumlah kasus balita terlantar terbanyak. Hal ini diperburuk dengan area penyebaran balita terlantar yang tidak merata dan sulit terlacak. Oleh sebab itu, desain difokuskan pada area perkampungan di Gresik untuk mendekatkan solusi rancang terhadap subjek penelitian.

Di sisi lain, terdapat dampak signifikan dari fasilitas umum sebagai arena pertumbuhan watak dan perilaku balita terlantar. Diantara fasilitas umum lingkungan, masjid memiliki potensi besar dalam menumbuhkan moral dan perilaku positif mereka. Dengan demikian, tujuan penulisan ini adalah memberdayakan masjid sebagai kompleks penampungan balita terlantar di area perkampungan Gresik.

Teknik pengumpulan data berupa hasil observasi dan kajian literatur terkait balita terlantar dan potensi lingkungan. Data dianalisis melalui pendekatan arsitektur perilaku dengan konsep utama berupa “Lingkungan Terapi Terpadu”. Metode desain yang digunakan ialah teori kontekstualime milik Kari Jormakka. Kajian lokasi didasarkan pada teori Site Analysis milik Edward T. White. Adapun hasil rancangan berupa desain pemberdayaan masjid sebagai kompleks penampungan berkonsep terapi terpadu bagi balita terlantar dalam kampung di Gresik.

Keywords


Balita terlantar; Gresik; Kampung; Masjid; Pemberdayaan; Perilaku; Terapi terpadu

References


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Children’s Bureau. (2015). “Understanding the Effects of Maltreatment on Brain Development”. [online]. Tersedia : https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/brain_development.pdf.

Universitas Sumatera Utara. ______. Pembahasan Arsitektur Perilaku. [online]. Tersedia : http://repository.usu.ac.id/bitstream/handle/123456789/50169/ Chapter%20II.pd;jsessionid=7AD4DB42978D66720A71316E33DFF909?sequence=4.

Data PMKS & PSKS Dinas Sosial Jawa Timur

Data PMKS & PSKS Dinas Sosial Jawa Timur


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